States may use their federal TANF funds for the following: Furthermore, TANF requirements include not only work but also paternity disclosure. Since the passage of federal welfare reform, the welfare rolls have dropped dramatically. The challenge of welfare reform now rests with the states, which focus on moving welfare recipients to work.
Because the design of TANF is to move recipients from welfare to work creating self-sufficiency, those who face time limits without employment can encounter homelessness and other hardships. These time limits were put into effect so that recipients would not become dependent and would instead seek employment and become self-reliant.
Despite the intent of welfare reform to move individuals off welfare, the Administration for Children and Families has documented that moving recipients from welfare to work also involves working with personal and family challenges of welfare recipients, such as low levels of social and human capital, low education attainment, few work skills, lack of work experience, poor access to transportation, health problems, drug dependence, major depression, incarceration, and experiences of perceived workplace discrimination.
Overall, welfare rolls declined 57 percent for families and 64 percent for individuals from to According to the Administration for Children and Families, the four barriers to employment are substance abuse problems, mental health problems, learning disabilities, and domestic violence situations. Studies reveal that one out of three people drawing welfare are unable to find sustainable jobs or make enough to leave welfare dependency. By , a number of poorer states extended the 5-year limit as people were unable to find work.
During the recent economic downturn, rolls began to rise again. In addition, advocates point out that as many as two thirds of welfare-eligible women experience abuse from a partner during their lifetime. Structural and institutional barriers, such as the lack of access to job training programs, long-term employment, health care benefits, quality child care, and transportation assistance, prevent self-sufficiency.
Child care is the largest state expenditure after cash assistance. Because TANF and the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act are subject to state budget crises, the funding of child care and transportation varies from state to state and budget to budget. Studies reveal that most recipients are on welfare for less than 2 years and that 90 percent of TANF recipients are women with an average age of Subsequent initiatives by the George W.
Bush administration included the Healthy Marriages Initiative, which focused on early intervention, helping young adult couples establish stable and healthy relationships before the conception and birth of a child. They often continue to lack child care, health care, and other benefits most often missing among those in the low-wage labor market.
Concerns also arise around domestic violence and welfare reform. Although TANF has measures for battered women the Family Violence Option , advocates for victims of domestic violence suggest this policy has not been effectively implemented and does not address domestic violence.
Overall, those who focus on getting individuals and their families off welfare rolls see TANF as a success. However, for those interested in the long-term success and mobility of those families, TANF has failed to pull many of them out of working poverty. Besides the reduction in case loads, supporters of the program also emphasize the slowing unwed birth rate, reduction in child poverty, and increased employment of young single mothers.
Trends in public policy since the Reagan administration reflect legislation cutting back on public investments and the resorting to private and volunteer approaches to welfare.
Welfare policy in the near future is likely to maintain the same course. Approaches to welfare under the George W. Bush administration were to increase work requirements. Further research needs to explore the institutional barriers that hinder low-income individuals from finding meaningful employment as well as a discussion on how to facilitate aiding hard-to-reach populations. In addition, more research needs to examine whether those who are working are able, or not able, to achieve economic self-sufficiency.
If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services. Essays on Controversial Topics. Need a custom essay? Most of the recipients are able to work and earn their own money but they choose to be lazy and greedy since the welfare benefits seem better than working benefits.
In order to eradicate this problem of welfare system abuse the government ought to re-evaluate and enforce more accurate and efficient assistance systems by conducting educational programs to the citizens, providing better employment opportunities to the recipients, educating recipients on importance of using birth control methods, carrying out drug test on the recipients to identity those who abuse drug using the welfare funds and lastly, monitoring the level of dependency by examining number of years an individual depends on the welfare systems.
With these reforms and strict regulation of welfare systems management, the vicious cycle of level of the welfare system abuse will gradually reduce. Best Essay Help was created by a group for college students and graduates who did not receive enough academic writing help during their studies. This free student resource aims to enhancing your writing and editing skills as well as raising your GPA.
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The essay will look at the aims of the welfare state from conception and how it has changed to present times. The welfare state being analysed is the welfare state in the United Kingdom. It will discuss the nature of the social democratic welfare state and liberal criticisms of the problems this type of state brings.
Free Essays from Bartleby | Welfare Welfare. Whether you collect it, or you pay for it (and for EVERY working American does one of the two), most citizens of.
Please enjoy my new free sample of Welfare argumentative essay! Should People on Welfare be Forced to Work? It may be a bit cliché, but pardon me for a moment to hearken back to an old proverb that goes something like this: “Give a man a fish and he will eat for a day. Apr 16, · View and download welfare essays examples. Also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for your welfare essay.
This sample politics essay explores why the United States and other developed nations need some type of societal welfare, arguing that while initiatives should be made to reduce the number of people on these programs, their infrastructure is good on the whole/5(3). Welfare Essay Welfare policy in the United States is controversial. Given the country’s ethos of individualism and self-reliance, the public often blames the poor for their misfortunes and views those who receive public aid with distrust.