Critics regard the story as an insightful and relevant exploration of human nature as well as political systems and social behavior. After its translation into Russian, it was banned by Stalin's government in all Soviet-ruled areas. The story opens as the barnyard animals of Manor Farm discuss a revolution against their master, the tyrannical and drunken farmer Mr.
Old Major, an aging boar, gives a rousing speech in the barn urging his fellow animals to get rid of Jones and rely on their own efforts to keep the farm running and profitable. Identified as the smartest animals in the group, the pigs—led by the idealistic Snowball and the ruthless Napoleon—successfully plan and lead the revolution. After Jones and his wife are forced from the farm, the animals look forward to a society where all animals are equal and live without the threat of oppression.
But soon, the pigs begin to assume more power and adjust the rules to suit their own needs. They create and implement an ideological system, complete with jingoistic songs and propaganda as well as strict rules. Once partners and friends, Napoleon and Snowball disagree on several issues regarding the governing of the farm.
Snowball's attempted coup is repelled by a pack of wild dogs—controlled by Napoleon—who also enforce punishment against the other animals when they oppose or question Napoleon's rule.
Before long, the pigs separate themselves from the other animals on the farm and begin to indulge in excessive drinking and other decadent behavior. Under the protection of the dogs, they consolidate their iron-fisted rule and begin eliminating any animal they consider useless or a threat to their power. Animal Farm ends with the majority of the animals in the same position as in the beginning of the story: Critics note that like many classical animal fables, Animal Farm is an allegory—in this case, of the Russian Revolution and the rise of Stalin's tyrannical government.
It is generally accepted that Orwell constructed his story to reflect this purpose: Manor Farm represents Russia; Mr. Jones is the tsar; the pigs represent the Bolsheviks, the bureaucratic power elite; Snowball is Leon Trotsky, who lost a power struggle with Stalin; Napoleon is Stalin; and Napoleon's dogs are Stalin's secret police, known as the GPU.
The corruption of absolute power is a major theme in Animal Farm. As most of the animals hope to create a utopian system based on the equality of all animals, the pigs—through greed and ruthlessness—manipulate and intimidate the other animals into subservience.
Critics note that Orwell was underlining a basic tenet of human nature: In that sense Animal Farm is regarded as a cautionary tale, warning readers of the pitfalls of revolution.
Animal Farm is regarded as a successful blend of political satire and animal fable. Completed in , the book remained unpublished for more than a year because British publishing firms declined to offend the country's Soviet allies.
It has been translated into many languages but was banned by Soviet authorities throughout the Soviet-controlled regions of the world because of its political content. As a result of the book's resounding commercial success, Orwell was freed from financial worries for the first time in his life.
A few years after its publication, it attracted critical controversy because of its popularity amongst anticommunist factions in the United States; Orwell was alarmed that these forces were using his short novel as propaganda for their political views.
In the subsequent years, Animal Farm has been interpreted from feminist, Marxist, political, and psychological perspectives, and it is perceived as an important and relevant book in the post-World War II literary canon. Moreover, it is considered one of Orwell's most lasting achievements. Critical Essays essays ; also published as Dickens, Dali, and Others Review of Animal Farm, by George Orwell.
Times Literary Supplement 25 August Animals, as Swift well knew, make admirable interpreters of the satiric intention, and Mr. George Orwell has turned his farm into a persuasive demonstration of the peculiar trick the whip wrested from the hands of a tyrant has of turning itself into a lash of scorpions and attaching itself to the new authority.
The animals are naturally pleased with themselves when they rise in revolutionary fervour and chase the drunken farmer off his own land, and their enthusiasm survives the prospect of the labour and discipline that lie before them if the farm is to be properly worked. From the first, however, there are inequalities of brain and muscle, and the pigs gradually assume the intellectual leadership. The revolution changes its shape and form, but lip-service is still paid to its first precepts; if they become more and more difficult to reconcile with the dictatorial policies of the large Berkshire boar, Napoleon, such a loyal and simple creature as Boxer, the carthorse, is ready to blame his own stupidity rather than the will to power working in those who have the means to power in their trotters.
Dictatorship is evil, argues Mr. Orwell with a pleasant blend of irony and logic while busily telling his fairy story, not only in that it corrupts the characters of those who dictate, but in that it destroys the intelligence and understanding of those dictated to until there is no truth anywhere and fear and bewilderment open the way for tyranny ferocious and undisguised.
Orwell's animals exist in their own right, and his book is as entertaining as narrative as it is apposite in satire [ Animal Farm ]. In the sixth volume of The Second World War, Sir Winston Churchill has described the scene at Potsdam in July, , when from a little distance he watched President Truman tell Marshal Stalin of the great event that was to take place in the following month; the latest triumph of western genius, the masterpiece that was destined so profoundly to affect the history of the world.
The Marshal showed polite interest, the mildest of curiosity that barely rose above the level of Although George Orwell tells us that the idea of Animal Farm came from his actual experience of seeing a small boy easily controlling a huge carthorse with a whip, 1 various scholars have suggested literary sources or precedents for his fable.
Write a paper that shows how power affects the characters, the events and the outcome of the book. Animal Farm is a historical novel, set in England but dealing with the events leading up to and after the Russian Revolution of It illustrates the idea expressed by Lord Acton that power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely.
Power on Animal Farm before the Rebellion A. Man has absolute power, taking without producing B. Jones operates the Manor Farm with no regard for his animals 1. Animals are slaughtered 3. No animal lives its life to a natural end 4. Animal families are broken up by the sale of the young. Old Major holds the key to power: The pigs are the leaders even before the Rebellion 1.
They are more clever than the others 2. They are assertive, sitting in the front at the meeting 3. They teach themselves to read 4. They are the organizers forming various animal committees. Napoleon, Snowball and Squealer become the new leaders that fill the vacuum C. Pigs get special privileges—milk and apples. Pigs are the supervisors B.
Like Gulliver's Travels, Animal Farm is a satirical novel in which Orwell, like Swift, attacks what he saw as some of the prominent follies of his time. These various satirical targets comprise the major themes of Orwell's novel.
Animal Farm: Critical Essay In the era of the Russian Revolution George Orwell wrote the fable known as “Animal Farm” to highlight the events and outcome of the revolution. Orwell symbolises iconic figures during the revolution through the use of farm animals such as pigs, cows and donkeys.
George Orwell's Animal Farm concerns a fierce revolution that erupts between people and animals on an English farm. Throughout the novel Orwell focuses on the theme of tyranny. Napoleon, the pig who seizes power, Squealer, his partner in crime, and Boxer, a victim of tyranny, are all clear examples 4/4(4). Animal Farm study guide contains a biography of George Orwell, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Essay about Themes in Animal Farm by George Orwell Words 3 Pages There are several themes in Animal Farm, some including: Leadership and corruption, control of naïve working class, lies and deception, and dreams and hopes. Animal Farm Sumary Essay. Animal Farm Chapter 1 After Mr. Jones went to bed, the Major arranged a meeting in the barn. At the meeting every animal on the farm showed up, to hear what the Major had to say.