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❶For example, telling a user to "wrap the cardboard gift box by aligning both ends of the wrapping paper along the vertical line of symmetry along the bottom edge of the box" is wordy and confusing.

Format and Substance

Books on Policy Analysis in Education at Ikeda Library
For students, researchers, and others interested in doing the work of political science

Place the gift box in the center of the gift paper, with the bottom edge facing up. Fold the gift paper on both sides of the box so both edges align in the middle. Bulleted and numbered lists are easy to follow. Try these other tips to make the task outline more helpful.

First, keep each item in the list as short as possible, such as one or two sentences long. Second, visualize the implementation of the procedure. Aim for consistency, so that multiple users can follow the outline and perform the task the same way. Finally, let readers review the task outline and look for unclear language and unnecessary words. Ask reviewers to try the steps in the outline and see if they can follow them easily from start to finish. After you fix any problems reviewers have identified, the task outline is ready for the policy and procedure manual and employee training.

Audra Bianca has been writing professionally since , with her work covering a variety of subjects and appearing on various websites. Her favorite audiences to write for are small-business owners and job searchers. Skip to main content. Considerations Distinguish between the meaning of "policy" and "procedure. Format and Substance Design a stand-alone format for your task outline or follow a template or set of guidelines published by your organization.

Language The choice of words in a task outline is crucial. Style Bulleted and numbered lists are easy to follow. References 2 University of California, Santa Cruz: Developing a Policy and Procedures Manual. About the Author Audra Bianca has been writing professionally since , with her work covering a variety of subjects and appearing on various websites.

Accessed 14 September It can be an issue of ongoing political debate or an issue that has not yet gained the attention of policy makers. A policy analysis defines the problem or issue at hand, describes its background and provides a balanced assessment of options that policy makers could pursue to resolve the problem. The paper should conclude with a recommended course of action for policy makers. Introduce the problem you wish to research and analyze. Whether the issue is universal health care, improved educational achievement or campaign-finance reform, you should identify a specific issue and articulate why it is important.

Establish a set of criteria for resolving the problem in question. For example, an increase in the number of people covered by health insurance represents a criterion for resolving the issue of the uninsured. Improved scores on standardized academic assessments and higher graduation rates from high schools would be criteria for improved achievement in education.

Place the issue in historical context by describing how the problem arose and outlining previous efforts, if any, to address the problem.

To detail the issue and any prior policy responses, you can use a range of sources, including books, articles from scholarly journals, previous policy analyses, government reports, legislative materials and news articles. Summarize the results of prior policy efforts and identify the major stakeholders.

These are the individuals and groups likely to affect or be affected by new government policies taken in response to the issue under discussion. Identify a set of policy options government might take to resolve the issue. Be sure the options involve substantive policy measures aimed at the issue in question.

This is a policy analysis, not a manifesto outlining broader social, economic or political changes. Your research on the issue and past policy actions will help you identify policy proposals and create new approaches for addressing the identified problem. Compare the policy alternatives outlined in the previous step, applying the specified criteria. This forms the main body of your policy analysis research paper. Discuss how each alternative would meet the criteria for issue resolution identified in your introduction.

Depending on the specific issue and the available data, compare policy alternatives with qualitative and quantitative methods of analysis.

Quantitative methods are especially effective in weighing the anticipated costs and benefits of a policy proposal.


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Policy Analysis Outline Identification of a social Problem Text sections of the policy analysis paper: Section I: A. What is the problem that is being addressed? B. Cite the indicators which show that a problem exists (Statistical analysis required) Section II: A. What are the causes of the problem? B. What are the ideological suppositions .

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writing a policy paper. background papers outline current policies and alternative solutions to a particular social issue or problem. a good policy analysis paper covers each of the following areas (the weighting given to each section will vary depending on the topic).

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A policy analysis paper is an effective way to dive into an issue that is ripe for public discourse or is deserving of attention. Important components of a policy analysis paper include research. · This policy Analysis outline will be 5 pages long including a reference page. · Use online sources only (Website sources only) and cite using APA style. · Remember!! This is an outline that will work as a guidance towards the pages long research paper on .

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ERRE W A Possible Outline for Policy Analysis Report [Remember, the first page will be a 1-page recommendation memo that concisely describes the. Policy papers may also take the form of a briefing paper, which typically provides a decision maker with an overview of an issue or problem, targeted analysis, and, often, actionable recommendations.