After a few months the water would leave the land with rich, fertile soil which was excellent for growing onions, garlic, leeks, peas, beans, cucumbers, grapes melons, pomegranates, figs and dates. Over time the villages along the river joined together and became two kingdoms, called Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt. The two kingdoms fought a battle. King Menes of Upper Egypt won and the two kingdoms joined and a capital city was made called Memphis.
The first Egyptian kings arranged to sell the food they could grow throughout Egypt. To communicate and keep records of this they invented hieroglyphs which was a language using symbols. They would write hieroglyphs on walls and paper scrolls. The Egyptians built huge pyramids as tombs for their kings or pharaohs when they died. There are over 30 pyramids in Egypt, but the most famous ones are at Giza, where three pharaohs and their chief wives are buried.
The largest pyramid is called the Great Pyramid built for Pharaoh Khufu. It is m high and is built with over two million stone blocks. You have to remember that there were no cranes or machinery in Ancient Egypt so building a pyramid of this size by hand is a truly amazing and incredible.
The Egyptians tried to stop dead bodies from decaying. They believed that if they mummified a body and protect it in a pyramid the person would live forever in the afterlife. They did this by removing all the internal organs and brain. The inside of the body was dried and stuffed with linen, natron, sawdust and sweet-smelling spices.
The body would then be put into two or three human shaped coffins, one inside the other. These were brightly painted and placed inside the tombs. Inside the tombs rich Egyptians where filled with everything the dead person might need in their next life.
There were such amazing treasures, robbers soon broke into the tombs and stole the treasure. This is why today so little treasure has been found. Later in time the pharaohs and kings were buried in tombs cut deep into the rock in a hidden valley, called the Valley of the Kings. Even though these were hidden tombs they were still found by robbers who stole the treasures from the tombs. Egypt was attacked by a group of people called Hyksos. The Hyksos people won as they had horses and chariots and the Egyptians were just on foot.
The Egyptians quickly learnt from this and drove them out of their country. Then with their new power they attacked nearby lands and grew a large empire. All of the thin reeds would be pounded together and clamped down to dry, then polished to smooth it out — the result was a thin yet very strong sheet that was ready to be written or drawn on.
The papyrus reeds were actually used for a lot of things besides paper. It was good for making mats to put on the floor, twisting into rope, plaiting together to make boats, and weaving to make baskets and sandals. The Egyptians also ate it, and used it to make different medicines.
The Egyptians made a lot of discoveries about medicine. We know this from reading what they wrote on papyrus, discovered later by archaeologists. They understood about heartbeats and listening for a healthy pulse, and knew how the body and organs worked because of the process of making mummies.
They also learned about the ways that different plants healed different illnesses and injuries, such as aloe vera being good for healing burns.
Egyptian society was ranked into different classes, called a hierarchy. It went like this:. Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be. Who were the Egyptians? They lived in a very dry area, but they got water from the Nile River the longest river in the world! Farming techniques to water crops included using machines like the sakia and the shaduf — these are still used in Egypt today. The Egyptians created paper using reeds, called papyrus.
They wrote using pictures called hieroglyphics that stood for different words. Only certain people studied how to write, and they worked as scribes. Scribes were ranked in the middle of the order of social groups in Egypt — the pharaoh was at the very top of this list, and slaves were at the very bottom. The Egyptians build pyramids as places to bury their kings and queens, who were called pharaohs. The Egyptians were very good at maths — they had to be, to work out how to build pyramids so perfectly!
Both men and women wore make-up. Egypt was part of Greece, and then the Roman Empire. People began to build homes and farm in the Nile Valley. Hieroglyphics started to be used. Pyramids started to be built.
King Rameses II ruled. Egypt was conquered by the Assyrians. Egypt was conquered by the Persians. Alexander the Great from Greece conquered Egypt and founded Alexandria. The writings on the Rosetta Stone were carved. Cleopatra VII ruled; she was the last pharaoh. Egypt became a part of the Roman Empire. It took a long time to make papyrus, but it was easier than carrying around heavy clay tablets, which is what they did before.
They wrote in pictures called hieroglyphics. Each picture means something so when you see a few different kinds of pictures in a row, you know what the writer is trying to say. The Egyptians used pictures for writing numbers too — different pictures stood for units, tens and hundreds. The Egyptians were very advanced at maths — they figured out how to work out tricky problems that helped other people after them understand more about maths. In fact, people who lived in other countries even knew that the Egyptians were the best at maths!
Egyptians would shave their heads and wear wigs instead!
The story of ancient Egypt has survived for thousands of years. Egypt was one of the greatest civilizations of the past. The monuments and tombs of their Pharaohs continue to stand intact today, some 4, years later!
There were over 2, names of gods in Ancient Egypt. Some images of Ancient Egyptian gods and goddesses show them with a human body and the head of a bird or an animal. Animals were chosen to represent the powers of the god. Bastet was the Goddess of .
Ritual murder or slavery for the captives and, and will for ancient egypt primary homework help indefinite future. There is a special horror attached to the Third Reich — which. A primary professional business plan writers calgary artificial preservation, called mummification was developed by the ancient Help. Mummification was a complicated and .
essays of eb white read online Ancient Egypt Primary Homework Help project management essay of mice and men lonliness essay/10(). The Egyptians believed that when they died, help would make a journey to another world primary they would lead a river life. They would need all the things they had used when they were alive, so their families would put those things in their nile.