The introduction of new mechanisms and technologies simplified and shortened the production of goods. The increase in quantities of goods on the national market was responded by the damping of prices below the natural cost. Additional speed of producing goods was achieved by the splitting of labor into several fast-to-conduct operations. A high paid universal professional was dismissed by many one-skill producers whose labor cost less.
So far, Smith spoke about the birth of a new category of market participants: The sales-managers of the Industrial Revolution age tried to gain profit under the conditions of overstocked market by lowering the cost of labor. To put it in a nut-shell, after reading Adam Smith, the Industrial Revolution processes could be viewed from a new perspective. It seems that the industrialization process dealt not only with new mechanisms and technologies, but also with human resources.
They were seen as easily replaced because of their lack of apparent skill set and were treated rather poorly. Factory owners had one major motivator on their minds with regards to their operations. They wanted to maximize profits.
One easy way for a company to do this was to hire cheap labor. Many factories did this by targeting women and children as they could be paid less than men with no repercussions. The workers that were hired to these positions, especially women, were subject to some very harsh work conditions. They were subject to terrible work environments including buildings called sweatshops, which were poorly lit and ventilated for maximum productivity.
They were forced to work in dangerous conditions where a person could easily be maimed or even killed if they mishandled the equipment they used for their work. It was not unheard of for the workers to be expected to work as much as 16 hours a day under threats of being fired or even physically abused if they did not complete their work with great haste. For all the negativity that surrounded the workplace, the standard of living did see some significant increase from the Industrial Revolution.
As noted by Laura L. This is seen in evidence presented by economist N. The research shows that British income compared to the U. It should not come as a surprise that this time period is during the initial phases of the Industrial Revolution in England.
This increase in the amount of income that an average family saw does not, however, offset the mistreatment that the workers saw during this period. This is especially true with regard to the workers of the female gender that were subject to just as much physical labor as men but saw a significantly smaller amount of pay for the work that they undertook. During this time period there were also three different doctrines that were written about the treatment of the working class and that of the way the government should deal with the way that they were being treated.
These three documents all had quite different messages about the way in which the world should go about the changes that were being seen as a result of the Industrial Revolution. Their messages appealed to different groups and were the subject for much debate between society as a whole as to which path was to be followed. As long as one class has all the power much like the factory owners did during the early periods of the Industrial Revolution , the other will be constantly oppressed and kept from obtaining any sort of power of his or her own.
Marx felt that it was necessary for this working class, therefore, to rise up and lead a revolution to take back control of the power. Then, and only then, will a system be able to be in place where there exist no different classes or struggles and everyone can be on level footing Marx. Lots of nations considered this kind of thinking long after Marx died. This is entirely different from the doctrine that is preached by Bakunin. The suggestion is to completely remove the government so that individuals are able to live freely.
They do not need this great bureaucratic entity over their heads to silently control and monitor their actions. Elimination of it will allow for people to be naturally more social, equal, and free. This document basically stated that the working class had a right to form unions for their own protection. It also rejected the idea of communism as well as unrestricted capitalism. Finally, it supported fully the idea of people having the right to own private property. This document really pushed the idea of the government being an entity that should serve and protect its people and not let them be oppressed by the capitalism machine.
The working class grew astronomically over this time period, however there was an issue for the worker that was originally skilled in a field of business that had been replaced mostly by machines that were more efficient at their tasks.
Many skilled workers were driven out of business because they could not compete with the output and lower price of products made in factories.
This lead them to having to work in factories themselves where they were paid the same as an unskilled worker who took no pride in creating the product and possessed no real skill in the manufacturing of it Hackett.
Though women in the workplace were mistreated and put into poor positions through much of this time period, there existed some places where they were treated with dignity and given the respect that they deserved. One such example of this was in the salons of Paris. These people would argue for intellectual equality for all regardless of sex and advocated for the values of society over that of the values of the state as a whole Goodman. There is no doubt that the Industrial Revolution was one of the most influential time periods of human history.
It was almost solely responsible for propelling society into the modern economies that we still have in place today.
The technological advances of this time are what allowed for the mass production of goods and services for society, which allowed for trade to be conducted on a much larger scale. Additionally, the average family saw in increase in the amount of income that they received because an unskilled worker could find work in one of the many new factories that were opened to produce the goods needed for the business world. Unfortunately the workers of the time were usually taken advantage of because of their apparent lack of skill and the abundance of workers available for the same jobs.
This created a work environment especially negative for women who would be treated unfairly in the workplace and would receive less pay for the work that they did.
Prompted by the oppression that many in the working class felt, literary works were put out to inspire the workers to take back their freedoms. Karl Marx advocated for a revolution of the working class over the management that held them back. Bakunin advocated for the overthrow of the government to get society to a natural state of harmony, and the Pope pushed for a united workers front where the government protected its citizens from being oppressed in the workplace. Over the course of the Industrial Revolution the worker saw vast changes, which ultimately lead to the economic times we have now that are improved from the days of the past.
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Dec 31, · Good thesis for essay on the industrial revolution? The industrial revolution was a turning point in history as it paved the way for many advancements, however such improvements caused many negative aspects to occur and it was not until such grievances arose that serious change harleos.cf: Resolved.
The Industrial Revolution and Great Britain - Since the advent of man, the human race has gone through many changes throughout history. One of the greatest and most crucial changes was the Industrial Revolution of Great Britain.
The Industrial Revolution was a time of great age throughout the world. It represented major change from to the period The movement originated in Great Britain and affected everything from industrial manufacturing processes to the daily life of the average citizen. The Industrial Revolution was a major change in the nature of production in which machines replaced tools and steam and other energy sources replaced human or animal power. The Industrial Revolution began in England in the middle s.5/5(19).
- The industrial revolution began in England during the late ’s and early ’s. There were several factors that played a role in why the industrial revolution began in England. One of the most important factors that played a role was the rich land. The Industrial Revolution is easily one of the single most significant events in human history. As a mechanism of social change, the Revolution spurred massive economic growth, urbanization, changed gender roles, broke apart traditional family structures, and paved the way for the development of the modern nation-state and global economy/5(11).