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Essay/Term paper: Euthanasia

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❶All too often, the terminally ill suffer needless pain and are kept alive without real hope, as families hold a harrowing deathwatch.

Legality of physician-assisted suicide in Oregon

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Euthanasia and physician assisted suicide are two topics within the same. Both acts end up terminating the life of a patient, the difference between the two is that within euthanasia the cause of death is done by someone else whereas in physician assisted suicide the cause of death is done by the patient himself.

Typically, both actions are done with in injection of a lethal dose of substances. These topics are very intimate for many people, but why does it have to be?

Does a person not deserve to die with dignity that they so desperately desire? There are many reasons why the legalization of euthanasia and physician assisted suicide should happen including that if someone is mentally competent then they should be able to make a rational decision about his life, patients deserve to die with dignity, euthanasia and physician assisted suicide can allow people to die with the peace of mind that they were not a burden, and it can help lower the feeling of isolation and abandonment in patients.

The main objective of why this needs to come into focus is for the patients. The patient is the one that is suffering and is in need of relief. Some people may say that the main reason why this needs to come in to focus is for the public. That way the public stigma of physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia will slowly dissipate. This is not nearly as important as the individual himself. The individual is the one that is suffering and if the legalization of physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia does not come into play, suicide and refusal of treatment are still able to be obtained, therefore leading to the inevitable death if the individual.

Even though the stigma may be there, the action can still be obtained. This is why the patient needs to be the center of focus when discussing euthanasia and physician assisted suicide. When a patient is mentally competent, but lacks physical capabilities elsewhere that cause him terminal pain, he should be able to decide if physician-assisted suicide or euthanasia is right for him. Many people are suffering greatly when they choose to go through with physician-assisted suicide or euthanasia because nothing else has worked to get rid of the pain and suffering.

He was given narcotics, but the narcotics caused him to have other issues. He even talked it over with his family and they gave him their support. The top three diagnoses associated with requests were:. The patient concerns most often perceived by physicians were worries about loss of control, being a burden, being dependent on others for personal care, and loss of dignity—all non-physical concerns.

Physicians provided assistance more often to patients with physical symptoms, and physicians infrequently sought advice from colleagues. Of patients who requested physician-assisted suicide:. The question of how to ensure quality in the evaluation of patient requests for physician-assisted death is raised, since this practice was illegal in during the time the study took place, thus resulting in clandestine prescriptions and a lack of consultation with colleagues Back, The most common reason patients seek to end their lives is not pain, but a loss of dignity.

This causes the patient to regret their illness and choose not to be a burden. The loss of autonomy and function, creating total dependence and a constant feeling of sickness are recognized as more important than pain in the desire for hastened death. These things that make people feel as if they are no longer a part of the world are the main causes for unrelieved misery and desperation.

Life is a precious gift, and no sane person wants to part with it. But there are some circumstances where life loses its value. This is the crux of the argument. A great many people believe that a competent person who has thoughtfully considered his or her own situation and finds that unrelieved suffering outweighs the value of continued life shouldn't have to starve to death or find other drastic and violent solutions when more merciful means exist.

Physicians get caught in the cross hairs on this issue because it is mainly a moral one, and those doctors who fulfill what they perceive to be their humane responsibilities to their patients are forced by legislative prohibition into covert actions, constantly working under the threat of incarceration. However, there are others that argue that patients who seek out physician-assisted suicide are merely people who suffer from chronic depression , and these sufferers should be treated with non-lethal means:.

Patients themselves say that the primary motive is not to escape physical pain but psychological distress; the main drivers are depression, hopelessness and fear of loss of autonomy and control.

Dutch researchers, for a report published in , followed terminally ill cancer patients and found that depressed patients were four times more likely to request euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide. Nearly half of those who requested euthanasia were depressed. In this light, physician-assisted suicide looks less like a good death in the face of unremitting pain and more like plain old suicide. Beyond the examination of whether or not a moral imperative exists to deny physician-assisted suicide, the way assisted suicide is practiced is troubling.

One of the main points of controversy in the Death with Dignity law is that there is now monitoring or control once the prescription for lethal drugs is written. Physicians are not required to be present when the drugs are taken. The drugs could be stored over time in private homes or workplaces, with no oversight to protect public safety Golden Perhaps it is a way to dodge impassioned anger and protests since it removes location—and thus an area or place to symbolize—from the act.

An excerpt from the Death with Dignity law shows a certain care in attempting to respect the personal moralistic choices of the physicians who carry out the request:. And here is a passage that attempts to protect the rights of the dying so that there is no question of coercion or enforcement:. One witness shall not be a relative by blood, marriage or adoption of the person signing this request, shall not be entitled to any portion of the person's estate upon death and shall not own, operate or be employed at a health care facility where the person is a patient or resident.

If the patient is an inpatient at a health care facility, one of the witnesses shall be an individual designated by the facility. But the law, despite its good intentions, does not address the aforementioned dispersal of lethal substances, nor the issue of treating despressives versus killing them. In , Linda Marker reports of an insidious way the outward intentions of this law are twisted to abuse sufferers of terminal illnesses.

Her doctor gave her a prescription that would likely slow the cancer's growth and extend her life. She was relieved by the news and also by the fact that she had universal healthcare coverage through the Oregon Health Plan. It didn't take long for her hopes to be dashed though. Barbara Wagner was notified by letter that the Oregon Health Plan wouldn't cover her prescription, but that it would cover assisted suicide.

Marker also notes that the administering doctors are the ones who fill out the reports that describe whether or not the administering of the suicide followed the law—and we all know how well self-regulation has worked for varying industries in the past. Also, according to American Medical News, Oregon officials in charge of issuing the reports have conceded that "there's no way to know if additional deaths went unreported.

Beyond that, the request for the lethal prescription can be phoned in. Sure, by law the patient needs a witness to sign the form, but a faxed or mailed copy is acceptable—and that completely castrates the law's safeguards set in place to protect the patient from coercion.

According to an official report from the state of Oregon, not one patient who died after taking the lethal drugs was referred for counseling prior to being given the prescription.

And then, of course, there is the unpleasantness of the next of kin notification. It is up to the patient whether or not they notify their family of their decision. Focusing on the minutiae of the wrongheaded legislative choices and implementations surrounding this law, and other laws like it, will always be valuable because it is imperative to ensure the best possible solutions are worked out and seen applied wherever possible.

But it becomes easy to flip flop onto both sides of this issue because of the hair-thin wire it balances on. The Hippocratic Oath says: These directly and immediately violate the human person's most fundamental right -- the right to life. Neglect of these issues is the equivalent of building our house on sand. Such attacks cannot help but lull the social conscience in ways ultimately destructive of other human rights.

Mandating an advocacy for the causation of death is simply dark. It is the absolute undoing of a person. If life is to be considered precious, and if doctors are to do no harm, would not the snuffing out of life be the biggest harm a doctor could do?

This is especially relevant in the face of the fact that most requests are from patients in distress, not pain. Distress calls are usually answered, not drowned. This is the death of true freedom" Pavone

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Physician Assisted Suicide, Is it Right or Wrong SOC May 9, Physician Assisted Suicide, Is it Right or Wrong? The ethical issues of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) are both emotional and controversial, as it ranks right up there with abortion.

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Research Paper Examples - Assisted Suicide. Incurably ill patients should be able to commit physician-assisted suicide because tremendous amounts of financial and .

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Assisted Suicide Research Paper October 24, writer Research Papers 0 Euthanasia is one of the solutions for people suffering from various incurable diseases and . SAMPLE ARGUMENTATION ESSAY Research Question: Should assisted suicide be legal? Assisted Suicide: Rights and Responsibilities oppose doctor-assisted suicide believe that these patients are much too depressed to make a logical decision. For this reason, they argue that the terminally ill patient needs psychotherapy.

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- Physician assisted suicide Physician assisted suicide, a suicide made possible by a physician providing a patient with the means to kill themselves, and euthanasia, the kindness of taking individual life by the physician, is an extremely debatable topic. Physician Assisted Suicide research papers discuss the ethical problems that occur with the issue of physician assisted suicide.. Euthanasia and Medical Ethics research papers examine how the AMA views physician assisted suicide. Order a research paper on Euthanasia from Paper Masters.